Keratoconus – Treatment – Cross-linking
The most modern and effective method for the treatment of keratoconus is cross-linking, i.e. the linking of the collagen of the keratoconus. With this technique, we tamper with the collagen of the keratoconus through the administration of vitamin B2 (riboflavin) and the simultaneous use of a specific light wavelength, to affect the elastic properties of the cornea making it less loose. The removal of the central corneal epithelium may be required for the penetration of riboflavin to be facilitated.
This method, which has been proven to strengthen the interior structure of the cornea as it strengthens the bonds between the collagen fibers, is constantly being evolved through laboratory and clinical tests.
The C3-R treatment can be performed in our clinic’s operating rooms and lasts approximately 60 minutes. It is performed by instilling Riboflavin solution drops (riboflavin or riboflavin-Vitamin B2) which is then activated by ultraviolet radiation.
International ophthalmologic literature supports that the use of riboflavin, either on its own or in combination with intracorneal rings, can significantly slow down or even stop the development of keratoconus.
Finally, it is very important to remember that cross-linking is the only non-invasive method for the treatment of keratoconus.