The diagnosis of uveitis is carried out following a careful analysis of the patient’s ocular and systemic history and a clinical examination. In certain cases, hematologic, biochemical and radiological tests may be required to rule out infections or autoimmune diseases.
The clinical examination includes evaluation of the visual acuity, a slit-lamp examination and measurement of the intraocular pressure. In some cases, a fluorescein angiography is performed as well. During this examination, a dye is administered intravenously and the blood circulation in the fundus of the eye is studied.
The most significant complications of uveitis which may lead to vision loss are cataract, glaucoma (increase of the intraocular pressure) and macular edema.